Scientific studies

Several thousand scientific papers have been published on HIV and AIDS. A search in Pubmed for ‘HIV’ in May 2007 retrieved 210,201 references. A search for ‘AIDS’ found 138,878 references. While Pubmed is public and anyone can access it, the overwhelming amount of information in so many papers is a daunting task to read and understand. In addition, many of the scientific journals require a subscription to access full articles. And so, we present here some of the most important scientific papers pertaining to HIV and AIDS from peer-reviewed journals.


The Discovery of HIV and its relationship to AIDS


Natural History Studies

AIDS denialists often falsely claim that there are no studies showing that untreated people with HIV face a vastly elevated risk of immunodeficiency, opportunistic infections and death. These are just a few recent examples of the natural history studies in PubMed that compare outcomes among untreated people with HIV infection to those among their uninfected counterparts.


HIV and the Immune System


Recreational Drug Use


HIV Transmission Studies


Sexual Transmission

These studies represent just some of the literature conclusively demonstrating the heterosexual transmission of HIV. Many more can be found by following the links to the PubMed abstracts for these studies and clicking on “related links” to the right of the abstract. Several of these studies include larger cohorts of discordant couples with more comprehensive follow-up than the Californian study by Nancy Padian that AIDS denialists frequently willfully misrepresent.

There are also many studies demonstrating homosexual transmission of HIV; however, for reasons that are unclear, AIDS denialists rarely make declarations denying that the virus can be homosexually transmitted.


Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT)




Drug Therapy and Related Studies


This page was last updated in 2007.